Origin of Amber

The Baltic amber is a fossil resin dates back to the time 37-42 million years ago. During that period the resin
of trees hardened and weathered, which created the unique charm of the Baltic amber.
The mother-trees of amber were pines of extinct species Pinus succinifera.
At the time when amber was being formed, a land mass called Fenno-Sarmatia covered what is now Scandinavia, while present-day Europe lay underneath the Thetys Sea.
The sap was carried from inland by the River Eridan and deposited in its delta: the present Bay of Gdańsk. It is here that the largest deposits of amber are found.